Georgia is a small country in the Caucasian region.
Even though Georgia is a small country, it possesses a rich culture and interesting history. From its beautiful mountainous terrains to its unique winemaking methods, this country is full of diversity and surprises.
If you are a person who likes a rich history, adventure, beautiful landscapes, and wines, then Georgia is the best destination for you. So, now let see some of the mind-blowing facts about Georgia that make this country so unique in the world.
Mind-blowing Facts about Georgia
Georgia is one of those countries in the world that possesses many fascinating things that can easily attract the outside world, but still very few people know about this country.
So, in this article, I have put forth some of the interesting facts of this country and tried to make you familiar with this fascinating country.
1) Fact about the Location of Georgia: Is Georgia in Europe or in Asia?
Many people think that Georgia is a European country while many others are confused about whether it is a European country or an Asian country. The truth is, Georgia is technically an Asian country.
But, culturally, it is difficult to answer this question. Because Georgia’s culture and history have been influenced by both Asian and European cultures.
Many people in Georgia identify themselves as Europeans, but, truth is Georgia has a deep and strong cultural relationship with Asia. Russia, Turkey, Armenia, and Azerbaijan are the bordering countries of Georgia.
2) World-Famous Sulfur Baths in Tbilisi City of Georgia
Sulfur baths are getting more and more popular among the tourists who visit Georgia.
It is called a sulfur bath because water contains sulfur and it is around 40-degree centigrade hot. If you love Sulphur baths and if you want to experience the healing properties of the sulfur baths then, Tbilisi city is the best place to do that. Tbilisi city is built on the thermal springs.
In fact, the meaning of the word Tbilisi is a warm place. Abanotubani is the place which is known as the bath district of the Tbilisi. It is the place where you will find the best sulfur baths in Tbilisi.
3) Vardzia Cave Monestary
Vardzia cave monastery is an amazing place with an interesting history in Georgia. It is located in southern Georgia.
Vardzia cave monastery is a huge complex of caves made by humans in the mountains.
In the 12th century, Georgia was under the threat of attack from the Mongol forces. That’s why in the 12th century, queen Tamar ordered the construction of this huge underground fortress for the defensive purpose.
When its construction was completed, it had 6000 rooms. But, in 1283, just one century after its construction, the Vardzia cave monastery was destroyed by the Earthquake.
Today, Vardzia cave monastery is the most popular place in Georgia.
4) Georgia- The Birthplace of Wine
Georgia is called the birthplace of wines. According to the research, Georgian people have been making wine for the last 8000 years.
It started 8000 years ago when Georgian people discovered that if grape juice is stored in the pit for a long time, then it turns into the wine. Georgian wine is unique and it is very famous in the world.
Georgia is famous for its diversity of wines and that’s why Georgian wines are most demanded and they are more expensive as compare to the wines from other countries. There are different varieties of wines in Georgia.
According to the reports in 2019, Georgia exports wine to over 53 countries.
5) Georgia is a Country with Beautiful Mountainous Terrains
Georgia is really a very beautiful country and, also it has a rich history.
You will find a lot of monuments here in this country, from the medieval period, that will remind you of the medieval culture and life. Georgia is a country located in the Caucasian region of Eurasia.
That’s why it has mostly a mountainous terrain which makes it the best destination for those who love adventure and trekking. Its beautiful mountainous terrain is one of the reasons why it attracts a lot of tourists every year from around the world.
6) Tbilisi City
Tbilisi city is the main attraction for foreign tourists in Georgia. Tbilisi is the capital city of Georgia since the 6th century and it is located on the bank of river Mtkvari.
It is the most populated city of Georgia with a population of over 1.1 million. If you want to understand the culture of Georgia and to taste different Georgian foods, then Tbilisi is the best place where you will get all these things.
Tbilisi is surrounded by mountains. There are a lot of markets and museums in the Tbilisi that you can visit. Also, Tbilisi city is famous for its nightlife.
7) Mtskheta City- The 4000-year-old city of Georgia
Mtskheta is the city where you will see the old churches and ancient history of Georgia. It is the second most visited city in Georgia after Tbilisi. Mtskheta was Georgia’s capital before Tbilisi.
It is also called as the religious capital of Georgia because this city is home to the three of the most important churches of Georgia.
It is also the oldest city of Georgia as 4000-year-old human settlements have been found in this city.
8) Ushguli- The UNESCO World Heritage Site
Ushguli is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tourists come here to experience the simple Georgian village life and to see the beauty and history of this place.
There are about 40 Svan towers in this village. The svan towers are the tower houses that were built in Georgia for defensive purposes. These Svan towers are around 25 meters high and some of the svan towers are 200 years old.
Another interesting fact about Ushguli is that it is the highest settlement in Europe. It is at the altitude of 2000 m above sea level.
9) Mestia- The best Destination for Hiking in Georgia
If you want to explore the beauty of the Caucasus mountains then you must start your journey from this place. Mestia is the major town in the Svaneti Region.
Especially, this place is very famous for trekking. Also, here you can see beautiful medieval ornaments and weaponry.
10) Kakheti- The Best place to visit for Wine Lovers
Georgia is the birthplace of the wine and also it is the place that produces one of the best wines in the world.
That’s why many people visit Georgia to taste the different wines at affordable prices. If you are, too, a wine lover then you must visit the Kakheti region of Georgia.
There are many regions in Georgia that are famous for winemaking, but, Kakheti is the most popular region. This region has quickly gained popularity for offering the best and affordable wine. You can visit the different traditional wineries in this region and taste the different wines.
Another thing that attracts tourists to this region, is its beauty. The Kakheti region is a very beautiful place. You will see lush green landscapes and traditional Georgian villages in this region.
11) Gergeti Trinity Church
Gergeti Trinity Church is a very popular name in Georgia. This church is situated near the village of Gergeti. It was built in the 14th century.
This church is famous because of its location. It is built at an altitude of 2170 meters on the peak of the steep mountain. This place is popular among tourists due to the beautiful mountainous terrain and the history of this church.
12) Uplistsikhe- Over 3000-year-old Rock-hewn Town
Uplistsikhe is another interesting place to visit in Georgia. It is a huge and ancient rock-hewn city. It is about 100 km from Tbilisi city. This city was founded 3000 years ago and it was continuously inhabited till the 13th century.
13) The Deepest Cave on the Earth is in Georgia
Veryovkina Cave is the deepest cave on the earth and it is in Georgia. This cave is 2,212 m deep. This cave was discovered in 1968 and was named S-115, but in 1986 it was renamed as Veryovkina cave.
14) The Real name of Georgia is Sakartvelo
We know this country by the name Georgia, but for Georgians their country name is Sakartvelo. But, the entire world knows Sakartvelo by the name Georgia. It is said that the name Georgia was given to this country by the Europeans.
15) First Humans in Europe actually came from Georgia
Dmanisi is the city of Georgia where Europe’s oldest human skull is discovered.
In one archeological survey, the 1.8 million-year-old human skulls were discovered in the Dmanisi region.
We all know those very first humans used to live in Africa and then from Africa, they spread all over the world. That means, according to this survey, humans came to Georgia from Africa, and then from Georgia, they arrived in Europe.
16) Narikala Fortress
Narikala fortress is a fortress that was built in the 4th century. It was built for the defense of the Tbilisi city. At the time of its construction, this fortress was known by the name Shuris-tsikhe, but then it was renamed as Narikala by the Mongols.
Narikala fortress is the best place to see the beautiful views of Tbilisi city.
17) Georgian Flag is called as Five Cross Flag
Georgian flag is known by the name Five cross flag. It is because it contains five red crosses. This flag was embraced in 2004.